Lesson 2: From farm to fork

In 2020, the From farm to fork strategy was unveiled by the European Commission as part of the European Green Deal, a collection of policy initiatives that aim to achieve climate neutrality in the EU by 2050. The strategy takes a comprehensive approach to the obstacles facing sustainable food systems and acknowledges the inseparable connections between the well-being of individuals, societies, and the planet.

The strategy’s primary objectives include:

  • providing enough affordable and nutritious food while adhering to planetary boundaries,
  • reducing the use of pesticides and fertilisers;
  • decreasing the sales of antimicrobials by half;
  • expanding organic farming;
  • promoting sustainable food consumption and healthy diets;
  • reducing food loss and waste;
  • combatting food fraud in the supply chain; and
  • enhancing animal welfare.

The strategy foresees a number of initiatives and legislative proposals, among others, on:

  • organic farming
  • front-of-pack nutrition labelling and sustainable food labelling
  • food waste reduction

A more sustainable food system will also help protect Europe’s nature and biodiversity. The ‘farm to fork’ strategy is aligned with the 2030 EU biodiversity strategy.